Craig John Richmond

Craig John Richmond, Dr.

Synthesis and characterisation of molecular and supramolecular assemblies for artificial photosynthesis.

Research Topic

My research interests lie within the broad field of artificial photosynthesis, where the aim is to use solar energy to directly convert abundant substrates, such as water and carbon dioxide, to combustible fuels. Specifically, our approach focuses on the self-assembly of synthetic dyes and catalysts to create supramolecular architectures that mimic the natural photosynthetic systems.


  • Serena Berardi, Samuel Drouet, Laia Francàs, Carolina Gimbert, Craig Richmond, Thibaut Stoll and Antoni Llobet, Chem. Soc. Rev., advance article, 10.1039/C3CS60405E, Molecular Artificial Photosynthesis.
  • Andreu Ruiz de la Oliva, Victor Sans, Haralampos N. Miras, Jun Yan, Hongying Zang, Craig J. Richmond, De-Liang Long, and Leroy Cronin, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 12759–12762, Assembly of a Gigantic Polyoxometalate Cluster {W200Co8O660} in a Networked Reactor System.
  • Craig J. Richmond, Haralampos N. Miras, Andreu Ruiz de la Oliva, Hongying Zang, Victor Sans, Leonid Paramonov, Charalampos Makatsoris, Ross Inglis, Euan K. Brechin, De-Liang Long, and Leroy Cronin, Nat. Chem., 2012, 4,1037–1043, A flow-system array for the discovery and scale up of inorganic clusters.
  • Mark D. Symes, Philip J. Kitson, Jun Yan, Craig J. Richmond, Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Richard W. Bowman, Turlif Vilbrandt and Leroy Cronin, Nat. Chem., 2012, 4, 349–354, Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis.
  • Haralampos N. Miras, Craig J. Richmond, De-Liang Long, and Leroy Cronin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 3816–3824, Solution-Phase Monitoring of the Structural Evolution of a Molybdenum Blue Nanoring.
  • R. Eadie, C. Richmond, S. Moreton, L. Cronin, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012 , 10 , 2026-2034, Switching between ring closed and open N-incorporated heterocycles with tuneable charges and modular reactivity based upon 5-(2-bromoethyl)phenanthridinium bromide.
  • Ryo Tsunashima, Craig Richmond and Leroy Cronin, Chem. Sci., 2012, 3, 343-348, Exploring the mobility of nanoscale polyoxometalates using gel electrophoresis.
  • Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Antoine G. Boulay, Philip J. Kitson, Chris Ritchie, Craig J. Richmond, Johannes Thiel, David Gabb, Roslyn Eadie, De-Liang Long, and Leroy Cronin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2011, 133, 5947-5954, Osmotically Driven Crystal Morphogenesis: A General Approach to the Fabrication of Micrometer-Scale Tubular Architectures Based on Polyoxometalates.
  • Craig J. Richmond, Roslyn M. Eadie, Alexis D. C. Parenty, and Leroy Cronin, J. Org. Chem., 2009, 74, 8196-8202, Fine Tuning Reactivity: Synthesis and Isolation of 1,2,3,12b-tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-f]phenanthridines.
  • Philip J. Kitson, Alexis D. C. Parenty, Craig J. Richmond, De-Liang Long and Leroy Cronin, Chem. Commun., 2009, 4067-4069, A new C-C bond forming annulation reaction leading to pH switchable heterocycles.
  • Craig J. Richmond, Alexis D. C. Parenty, Yu-Fei Song, Graeme Cooke, and Leroy Cronin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130, 13059-13065, Realization of a “Lockable” Molecular Switch via pH- and Redox-Modulated Cyclization.
  • Alexis D. C. Parenty, Yu-Fei Song, Craig J. Richmond, and Leroy Cronin, Org. Lett., 2007, 9 (12), 2253-2256, A General and Efficient Five-Step One-Pot Procedure Leading to Nitrogen-Bridgehead Heterocycles Containing an Imidazole Ring.